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Q231. - (Topic 4)
A security auditor is conducting an audit of a corporation where 95% of the users travel or work from non-corporate locations a majority of the time. While the employees are away from the corporate offices, they retain full access to the corporate network and use of corporate laptops. The auditor knows that the corporation processes PII and other sensitive data with applications requiring local caches of any data being manipulated. Which of the following security controls should the auditor check for and recommend to be implemented if missing from the laptops?
A. Trusted operating systems
B. Full disk encryption
C. Host-based firewalls
D. Command shell restrictions
Q232. - (Topic 3)
The security manager of a company has hired an external consultant to conduct a security assessment of the company network. The contract stipulates that the consultant is not allowed to transmit any data on the company network while performing wired and wireless security assessments. Which of the following technical means can the consultant use to determine the manufacturer and likely operating system of the company wireless and wired network devices, as well as the computers connected to the company network?
A. Social engineering
B. Protocol analyzer
C. Port scanner
D. Grey box testing
Q233. - (Topic 1)
A company sales manager received a memo from the company’s financial department which stated that the company would not be putting its software products through the same security testing as previous years to reduce the research and development cost by 20 percent for the upcoming year. The memo also stated that the marketing material and service level agreement for each product would remain unchanged. The sales manager has reviewed the sales goals for the upcoming year and identified an increased target across the software products that will be affected by the financial department’s change. All software products will continue to go through new development in the coming year. Which of the following should the sales manager do to ensure the company stays out of trouble?
A. Discuss the issue with the software product's user groups
B. Consult the company’s legal department on practices and law
C. Contact senior finance management and provide background information
D. Seek industry outreach for software practices and law
Q234. - (Topic 4)
Three companies want to allow their employees to seamlessly connect to each other’s wireless corporate networks while keeping one consistent wireless client configuration. Each company wants to maintain its own authentication infrastructure and wants to ensure that an employee who is visiting the other two companies is authenticated by the home office when connecting to the other companies’ wireless network. All three companies have agreed to standardize on 802.1x EAP-PEAP-MSCHAPv2 for client configuration. Which of the following should the three companies implement?
A. The three companies should agree on a single SSID and configure a hierarchical RADIUS system which implements trust delegation.
B. The three companies should implement federated authentication through Shibboleth connected to an LDAP backend and agree on a single SSID.
C. The three companies should implement a central portal-based single sign-on and agree to use the same CA when issuing client certificates.
D. All three companies should use the same wireless vendor to facilitate the use of a shared cloud based wireless controller.
Q235. - (Topic 4)
The senior security administrator wants to redesign the company DMZ to minimize the risks associated with both external and internal threats. The DMZ design must support security in depth, change management and configuration processes, and support incident reconstruction. Which of the following designs BEST supports the given requirements?
A. A dual firewall DMZ with remote logging where each firewall is managed by a separate administrator.
B. A single firewall DMZ where each firewall interface is managed by a separate administrator and logging to the cloud.
C. A SaaS based firewall which logs to the company’s local storage via SSL, and is managed by the change control team.
D. A virtualized firewall, where each virtual instance is managed by a separate administrator and logging to the same hardware.
Q236. - (Topic 4)
The security administrator is reviewing the business continuity plan which consists of virtual infrastructures at corporate headquarters and at the backup site. The administrator is concerned that the VLAN used to perform live migrations of virtual machines to the backup site is across the network provider’s MPLS network. This is a concern due to which of the following?
A. The hypervisor virtual switches only support Q-in-Q VLANS, not MPLS. This may cause live migrations to the backup site to fail.
B. VLANs are not compatible with MPLS, which may cause intermittent failures while performing live migrations virtual machines during a disaster.
C. Passwords are stored unencrypted in memory, which are then transported across the MPLS network.
D. Transport encryption is being used during the live migration of virtual machines which will impact the performance of the MPLS network.
Q237. - (Topic 2)
A company provides on-demand cloud computing resources for a sensitive project. The company implements a fully virtualized datacenter and terminal server access with two-factor authentication for customer access to the administrative website. The security administrator at the company has uncovered a breach in data confidentiality. Sensitive data from customer A was found on a hidden directory within the VM of company B. Company B is not in the same industry as company A and the two are not competitors. Which of the following has MOST likely occurred?
A. Both VMs were left unsecured and an attacker was able to exploit network vulnerabilities to access each and move the data.
B. A stolen two factor token was used to move data from one virtual guest to another host on the same network segment.
C. A hypervisor server was left un-patched and an attacker was able to use a resource exhaustion attack to gain unauthorized access.
D. An employee with administrative access to the virtual guests was able to dump the guest memory onto a mapped disk.
Q238. - (Topic 2)
An investigator wants to collect the most volatile data first in an incident to preserve the data that runs the highest risk of being lost. After memory, which of the following BEST represents the remaining order of volatility that the investigator should follow?
A. File system information, swap files, network processes, system processes and raw disk blocks.
B. Raw disk blocks, network processes, system processes, swap files and file system information.
C. System processes, network processes, file system information, swap files and raw disk blocks.
D. Raw disk blocks, swap files, network processes, system processes, and file system information.
Q239. - (Topic 2)
A company decides to purchase commercially available software packages. This can introduce new security risks to the network. Which of the following is the BEST description of why this is true?
A. Commercially available software packages are typically well known and widely available. Information concerning vulnerabilities and viable attack patterns are never revealed by the developer to avoid lawsuits.
B. Commercially available software packages are often widely available. Information concerning vulnerabilities is often kept internal to the company that developed the software.
C. Commercially available software packages are not widespread and are only available in limited areas. Information concerning vulnerabilities is often ignored by business managers.
D. Commercially available software packages are well known and widely available. Information concerning vulnerabilities and viable attack patterns are always shared within the IT community.
Q240. - (Topic 1)
A member of the software development team has requested advice from the security team to implement a new secure lab for testing malware. Which of the following is the NEXT step that the security team should take?
A. Purchase new hardware to keep the malware isolated.
B. Develop a policy to outline what will be required in the secure lab.
C. Construct a series of VMs to host the malware environment.
D. Create a proposal and present it to management for approval.