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Q231. Which two statements about the C-bit and PW type are true? (Choose two.)
A. The C-bit is 1 byte and the PW type is 15 bytes.
B. The PW type indicates the type of pseudowire.
C. The C-bit is 3 bits and the PW type is 10 bits.
D. The C-bit set to 1 indicates a control word is present.
E. The PW type indicates the encryption type.
The control word carries generic and Layer 2 payload-specific information. If the C-bit is set to 1, the advertising PE expects the control word to be present in every pseudowire packet on the pseudowire that is being signaled. If the C-bit is set to 0, no control word is expected to be present. Pseudowire Type—PW Type is a 15-bit field that represents the type of pseudowire.
Q232. DRAG DROP
Drag and drop each EIGRP element on the left to the corresponding definition on the right.
Q233. Refer to the exhibit.
Which statement describes what the authoritative flag indicates?
A. Authentication was used for the mapping.
B. R1 learned about the NHRP mapping from a registration request.
C. Duplicate mapping in the NHRP cache is prevented.
D. The registration request had the same flag set.
Show NHRP: Examples
The following is sample output from the show ip nhrp command:
Router# show ip nhrp
10.0.0.2 255.255.255.255, tunnel 100 created 0:00:43 expire 1:59:16
TypE. dynamic Flags: authoritative
NBMA address: 10.1111.1111.1111.1111.1111.1111.1111.1111.1111.11
10.0.0.1 255.255.255.255, Tunnel0 created 0:10:03 expire 1:49:56
TypE. static Flags: authoritative
The fields in the sample display are as follows:
authoritative—Indicates that the NHRP information was obtained from the Next Hop Server or router that maintains the NBMA-to-IP address mapping for a particular destination.
Q234. Refer to the exhibit.
You are configuring the S1 switch for the switchport connecting to the client computer. Which option describes the effect of the command mls qos map cos-dscp 0 8 16 24 32 40 46 56?
A. Voice traffic is excluded from the default priority queue.
B. Voice packets are given a class selector of 5.
C. Video conferencing is marked CS3.
D. Voice packets are processed in the priority queue.
The default CoS to DSCP mappings are shown below:
Default CoS-to-DSCP Map
In our example, we see that COS 6 is mapped to DSCP, not the default of DSCP 48 as shown above. DSCP 46 is Expedited Forwarding (EF), which is typically used for voice traffic, and this value has not been included in this class map.
Q235. Refer to the exhibit.
Route exchange is failing on a PE edge device configured with this VRF-Lite. Which action can you take to correct the problem?
A. Configure the vrf-lite capability under the OSPF address families.
B. Correct the route descriptors.
C. Correct the OSPF router-ids.
D. Configure the control plane with a larger memory allocation to allow the device to appear in the routing table.
Open Shortest Path First version 3 (OSPFv3) operates in nondefault VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instances for both IPv6 and IPv4 address families and, transports the routes across a Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) or a Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) backbone. On the provider edge (PE) device, customer routes are installed together by OSPFv3 and BGP in a common VRF or address family and each protocol is configured to redistribute the routes of the other. BGP combines the prefixes redistributed into it with a route-distinguisher value defined for the VRF and advertises them to other MPLS-BGP speakers in the same autonomous system using the VPNv4 or VPNv6 address family as appropriate. The OSPFv3 route selection algorithm prefers intra-area routes across the back-door link over inter-area routes through the MPLS backbone. Sham-links are a type of virtual link across the MPLS backbone that connect OSPFv3 instances on different PEs. OSPFv3 instances tunnel protocol packets through the backbone and form adjacencies. Because OSPFv3 considers the sham-link as an intra-area connection, sham-link serves as a valid alternative to an intra-area back-door link. Domain IDs are used to determine whether the routes are internal or external. They describe the administrative domain of the OSPFv3 instance from which the route originates. Every PE has a 48-bit primary domain ID (which may be NULL) and zero or more secondary domain IDs.
How to Configure VRF-Lite/PE-CE
. Configuring a VRF in an IPv6 Address Family for OSPFv3
2. configure terminal
3. vrf definition vrf-name
4. rd route-distinguisher
6. router ospfv3 [process-id]
7. address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name]
Q236. Refer to the exhibit.
What password will be required to enter privileged EXEC mode on a device with the given configuration?
Q237. According to RFC 4577, OSPF for BGP/MPLS IP VPNs, when must the down bit be set?
A. when an OSPF route is distributed from the PE to the CE, for Type 3 LSAs
B. when an OSPF route is distributed from the PE to the CE, for Type 5 LSAs
C. when an OSPF route is distributed from the PE to the CE, for Type 3 and Type 5 LSAs
D. when an OSPF route is distributed from the PE to the CE, for all types of LSAs
If an OSPF route is advertised from a PE router into an OSPF area, the Down bit (DN) is set. Another PE router in the same area does not redistribute this route into iBGP of the MPLS VPN network if down is set.
RFC 4577 says:
“When a type 3 LSA is sent from a PE router to a CE router, the DN bit in the LSA Options field MUST be set. This is used to ensure that if any CE router sends this type 3 LSA to a PE router, the PE router will not redistribute it further. When a PE router needs to distribute to a CE router a route that comes from a site outside the latter’s OSPF domain, the PE router presents itself as an ASBR (Autonomous System Border Router), and distributes the route in a type 5 LSA. The DN bit [OSPF-DN] MUST be set in these LSAs to ensure that they will be ignored by any other PE routers that receive them.”
For more information about Down bit according to RFC 4577 please read more herE. http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4577#section-188.8.131.52.
Q238. Refer to the exhibit.
How can the EIGRP hello and hold time for Gig0/0 be changed to 5 and 15?
A. No action is required, since Gig0/0 is not listed with a nondefault hello and hold time.
B. Add the commands ip hello-interval eigrp 1 5 and ip hold-time eigrp 1 15 under interface Gig0/0.
C. Add the commands hello-interval 5 and hold-time 15 under "af-interface Gig0/0" under the address family.
D. Add the commands default hello-interval and default hold-time under the af-interface Gig0/0 statement under the address family.
To configure the hello interval for an interface, use the hello-interval command in interface configuration mode To configure the hold time for an interface, use the hold-time command in interface configuration mode.
Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/routers/crs/software/crs_r4-1/routing/command/reference/b_routing_cr41crs/b_routing_cr41crs_chapter_010.html#wp2 323069468
Q239. Which statement about the bgp soft-reconfig-backup command is true?
A. It requires BGP to store all inbound and outbound updates.
B. It overrides soft reconfiguration for devices that support inbound soft reconfiguration.
C. When the peer is unable to store updates, the updates are implemented immediately.
D. It provides soft reconfiguration capabilities for peers that are unable to support route refresh.
E. It provides outbound soft reconfiguration for peers.
Q240. Refer to the exhibit.
Which two statements about this configuration are true? (Choose two.)
A. Pings from SW2 to SW1 fail because SW1 is pruning VLAN 10.
B. VLANs 10 and 200 are added to the SW2 allowed list on interface fa0/22.
C. Pings from SW2 to SW1 are successful.
D. Only VLAN 200 is added to the SW1 allowed list on interface fa0/22.